The methodology involves mainly 9 tasks.

  • T4.1 Laboratory studies on thebiodegradation of ECs using microbes isolated from various CWs to identify the role ofbiodegradation of ECs in CWs;
  • T4.2Laboratory studies on adsorption of ECs on varioussubstrates used in CWs to understand the role of adsorption and other physico-chemical processfor the removal of ECs;
  • T4.3Hydrophonic studies to understand the phyto remediation potentialof various plants employed in CWs;
  • T4.4Performance evaluation of CWs to treat greywater andmunicipal wastewater contaminated with ECs;
  • T4.5Evaluation and the role of HRT, organic andECs loading rates, plant density, and substrate used in CWs for the removal of ECs in CWs;
  • T4.6Mass balance analysis of various ECs to find out the fate of ECs and the accumulation of ECs invarious compartments of CWs;
  • T4.7Toxicity studies to evaluate the toxicity reduction after thetreatment;
  • T4.8– Sustainability evaluation based on life cycle analysis, environmental/health risk potential and cost – benefit analysis; and
  • T4.9Development of user friendly design/operation
    guidelines for viable CW system configurations.